Musa basjoo

Musa basjoo
Musa basjoo 
Japanese banana
SIZE/TYPE mid-sized perennial
USUAL HEIGHT 1.5-3m
USUAL WIDTH 0.5-1.5m
LEAVES deciduous broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES light green
FLOWERS insignificant or non-blooming
COLOUR OF FLOWERS
BLOOMING TIME
LOCATION full sun
USDA zone (lowest) 6b   (down to -21°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Perennials
Exotics
náhled foto

Japanese banana is a popular perennial that can create a tropical atmosphere even in colder countries of Europe. It forms a false trunk with large, up to 1m long, fresh green, deciduous leaves. The crown looks very much like a palm canopy which is why Japanese banana is loved by gardeners who like a bit of exotic feeling in their gardens.

Musa basjoo is not a difficult plant to grow apart from winter protection. It is quite soil adaptable but prefers rich, constantly moist but well-drained soils that will not remain too damp especially in winter. Extremely permeable, sandy soil is not good either. To support fast growth we recommend regular watering and fertilizing once it starts growing in mid spring. Bark mulch is necessary all year round.

Japanese banana is commonly hardy at the roots down to about -15°C without any sort of protection. All green parts above soil level will die in winter. However, you can extend its hardiness by removing top green parts in dry periods of late autumn and making a pile of dry material (leaves or bark) above its roots, and covering it with a waterproof top. Still, you can preserve the trunk, too, by making a house from polystyrene boards. This way you have a good chance of keeping the stem alive. Either of the above mentioned protection will guarantee hardiness to about -21°C (USDA zone 6b).

Last update 05-07-2010
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Musa basjoo
GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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