Rubus fruticosus

Rubus fruticosus
Rubus fruticosus 
blackberry
SIZE/TYPE vine
USUAL HEIGHT 2-4m
USUAL WIDTH
LEAVES semi-deciduous broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES green
FLOWERS showy
COLOUR OF FLOWERS +multicolored:white a pink
BLOOMING TIME April - May
LOCATION full to partial sun
USDA zone (lowest) 4   (down to -34°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Fruit trees

Blackberry is one of the typical fruit loved by kids in summer. They love everything that can be harvested straight to the mouth and black berries of very sweet flavour is obviously something that cannot be missed. This plant forms long thorny canes with evergreen or semi-deciduous or fully deciduous leaves. They are serrated at margins, dark green, and may change deep purple red in autumn. Apart from the species commonly found in our woods there are some varieties cultivated for larger fruit or other different characteristics.

By the way, do you know the English legend which says that it should not be picked after Michaelmas (September 29) as the devil has claimed them by spitting and urinating at them. The botanical explanation of this says that at that time the over ripened fruit may be infected by various molds and may be toxic.
Neglected blackberry plant is an impenetrable thicket with less fruit, therefore, regular pruning is advised. Since it sets flowers and fruit on 2-year-old canes, it is recommended that young canes, which grow as long as 4m in the first year, are staked to a vertical support, not left lying on the ground. After the have produced fruit that has been picked up it is best to prune such cane hard or to remove it completely. This way only young and fruiting canes will be present on the plant which will make harvesting much easier.

Blackberries need well-drained, medium fertile, neutral soil, and full sun or dappled shade. If fertilized and watered in dry spells the fruit will be larger and tastier, and in bigger quantity. In dry summers water them substantially, otherwise the fruit will become of inferior quality, usually bitter and small. Fully hardy to min. -34°C (USDA zone 4).

Last update 25-09-2015
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Rubus fruticosus
GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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