Primula vulgaris (p.acaulis)

Primula vulgaris (p.acaulis)
Primula vulgaris (p.acaulis) 
primrose
SIZE/TYPE low or groundcovering
 low perennial
USUAL HEIGHT 0.1-0.2m
USUAL WIDTH 0.2-0.3m
LEAVES evergreen broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES green
FLOWERS showy
COLOUR OF FLOWERS
BLOOMING TIME March - June
LOCATION full to partial sun
USDA zone (lowest) 5   (down to -29°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Perennials
Winter blooms
náhled fotonáhled fotonáhled foto

Primrose is one of the first plants to bloom in late winter and early summer. The species of primula vulgaris (or p.acaulis) is commonly found in part-shaded to sunny but moist meadows, and near river banks all around Europe but north parts, to Turkey. It is a long-lived evergreen perennial with elongated, obovate, rich green leaves with deep veins.

The flowers are borne atop long stalks, not stems, and are pale yellow or pale pink in the wild but modern varieties and hybrids boast immense range of almost all possible colours and combinations but true blue and black. It starts flowering from the end of winter, or in countries with mild winters already from January until the first hot days of early summer. Also, plants are forced in autumn for early winter sale to provide winter interest in pots on patios and window sills where they bloom until the real frost. Then they stop and wait until spring to continue blooming.

Grow it in constantly moist but well-drained, humus-rich, preferably alkaline to neutral soil that will never dry out completely. It does best in partial shade but can take full sun, too, if kept moist. Suitable for both pot culture and borders. Hardy to about -30°C (USDA zone 5).

Last update 18-01-2020
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GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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