Ulmus minor
field elm
SIZE/TYPE taller shrub
 small tree
LEAVES deciduous broadleaf
LOCATION full to partial sun
SOIL TYPE any (acidic to alkaline)
SOIL MOISTURE REQUIREMENTS evenly moist but well-drained
USDA zone (lowest) 5   (down to -29°C)
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Deciduous broadleaf
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Field elm is a tree native to areas from southern Europe to Asia Minor, but it is widely grown almost all around Europe in temperate climate. The origin of its dwarf variety Jacqueline Hillier is not quite transparent but is believed that its first specimen to have been described later by Sir Harold Hillier was found in Birmingham, England in 1966, growing in a private garden, where it was brought from abroad as a specialty.

Jacqueline Hillier (J.H. elm) is a unique elm variety, possibly a witch’s broom with small leaves, slow growth, and picturesque habit. Its deciduous leaves are medium green, alternating, only about 3 cm long, typically hornbeam-shaped: narrowly ovate, conspicuously veined and serrated at margins. They grow in a distinctive herringbone pattern. Young leaves are pale green to almost yellow green with a hint of pink and turn orange in autumn. This variety does not bloom or make seeds or produce root suckers as some of its close relatives.

Naturally, J.H. elm makes beautiful shrubs or multi-stemmed trees which look best if you remove the lateral twigs in the lower parts and reveal the uniquely twisted trunks. The canopy is rather flat-topped and very dense, almost impenetrable. J.H. elm is also grafted onto common hornbeam rootstocks making a dwarf, single-stem tree ideal for small spaces. Its height is usually around 3 meters, but several specimens that have grown twice as large have already been documented.

Elm is not picky about soil type if it is well-drained. This one prefers constant moisture, so we recommend mulching it sufficiently as a prevention from drying out during hot summer months. It is best grown in full sun in an open site where it can fully display its canopy outline. Fully hardy to about -34°C (USDA zone 4).

Last update 17-11-2021
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Ulmus minor height of stem 80-90 cm

THE PRICES INCLUDE VAT of 15%. For quick conversion you can use 1 CZK = approx. 0.04 EUR


  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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