Elaeagnus angustifolia

Elaeagnus angustifolia
Elaeagnus angustifolia 
oleaster, Russian olive
SIZE/TYPE small tree
LEAVES deciduous broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES +multicoloured:blue-green and silver
FLOWERS less showy but noticeable
LOCATION full to partial sun
USDA zone (lowest) 2   (down to -45°C)
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Deciduous broadleaf
náhled fotonáhled fotonáhled foto

Oleaster is the oldest species from the genus cultivated in Czechia. It is a small deciduous tree or a tall shrub native to a wide range from the Caucasus, through southern Europe to Central Asia. Its most attractive feature are the narrow, olive-like leaves which appear silvery thanks to their dense indumentum. Small, strongly and sweetly scented, light yellow flowers bloom from May and are followed by edible fruit. The flowers are highly melliferous but at the same time they are a strong allergen, just like birch trees, for example.

It naturally forms multi-stemmed trees and impenetrable thickets, but in nurseries it is often trained into a nice, single-stemmed tree with a canopy above our heads. It is not only beautiful, but also practical because the branches are thorny and if those are way above our reach they do not exhibit any discomfort or even danger. Owing to delicate foliage the canopy looks airy and fluffy and even the slightest breeze can provide some movement. Also, the overall appearance of the tree makes it a fantastic alternative of a true olive tree in countries with a cold climate. Perhaps that’s why its other name is Russian olive.

Oleaster literally thrives almost everywhere, it is undemanding and hardy. In not-too-distant past it used to be planted as a pioneer tree during the reclamation of landfills, old quarries or landfills, but after some time it was discovered that its roots are too invasive and large-scale plantings were stopped. Now it is mainly used as an ornamental and maintenance-free plant in areas from where its roots cannot escape – in islands of urban greenery, which are enclosed on all sides by paving or roads, or near well-maintained lawns, where suckers are controlled by frequent mowing. To limit their growth it is recommended not to dig anything in the area of its roots and stay away from hard or radical pruning so that it does not feel the need to regenerate.

It copes with wind, road salt, drought, heavy, compacted ground, and a lack of soil nutrients. It has the ability to fix nitrogen in its roots which can be used by other plants growing near it. Tree forms require a strong support (staking) for at least 3 years. It does not mind wind, heat, exposed locations, and withstands frosts down to -45 °C (USDA zone 2).

Last update 18-10-2022
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Elaeagnus angustifolia height of stem 160-170 cm, girth 10-12 cm
Elaeagnus angustifolia height of stem 160-170 cm, girth 10-12 cm

THE PRICES INCLUDE VAT of 15%. For quick conversion you can use 1 CZK = approx. 0.04 EUR


Pyrus salicifolia
Quercus ilex
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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