Acer japonicum 'VITIFOLIUM'

Acer japonicum
Acer japonicum 'VITIFOLIUM'
fullmoon maple, Japanese maple
SIZE/TYPE taller shrub
 small tree
USUAL HEIGHT 3-5m
USUAL WIDTH 2-4m
LEAVES deciduous broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES green
FLOWERS insignificant or non-blooming
LOCATION full sun
SOIL TYPE acidic (peaty) to neutral
SOIL MOISTURE REQUIREMENTS evenly moist (dislikes drought)
USDA zone (lowest) 5   (down to -29°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Deciduous broadleaf
náhled fotonáhled fotonáhled foto
The broader term Japanese maple includes several of the most common maple species commonly grown in East Asia, especially Japan. The most widespread species include the palmate maple (a. palmatum), the Shirasawan maple (a. shirasawanum) and the Japanese maple (a. japonicum). The last mentioned comes from the Japanese islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and South Korea. It naturally makes multi-stemmed, not very tall trees, yet taller than a. palmatum cultivars, or taller shrubs with showy, large leaves. It is easy to grow and usually does not suffer from the common diseases of acer palmatum.

Vitifolium is a long-time favourite of a Japanese maple variety, proved to thrive in almost any garden, and characterized by large, 8-15 cm wide, palmately rounded leaves, which are divided into 9 to 12 pointed lobes with serrated margins. The number of lobes distinguishes this species from all other a. palmatum varieties, which have significantly smaller leaves with a maximum of 7 lobes. They are deciduous, emerge bronze in spring, mature to bright green in summer, and put on a breathtaking show in shades of bright red, deep orange, and burgundy in fall. The name vitifolium refers to vitis (grapevine) due to the similarity of the shape of the leaves as well as the autumn colour of the dark-fruit vine varieties.

Along with newly emerging foliage, small, purplish-red flowers appear in spring and are followed by the typical winged seeds called samaras. Despite their quantity they are not too viable, so you need not worry about weeding your garden with new seedlings.

Vitifolium maple can grow up to 5 meters in height in ideal conditions, but not at a fast rate. It is predominantly upright and its branches are produced in an angle of 60 to 45° with the terminal which results in a relatively symmetrical and rounded habit.

Japanese maples need constantly moist soil that has to be well-drained, acidic to neutral, and medium fertile. Keep it mulched all year round. It loves a location with high air humidity, e.g. at a river bank or near a pond but it is not a must. Vitifolium maple withstands full sun in evenly moist soil, and may grow in partial shade, too. Full shade is not recommended. It is hardy to at least -29 °C (USDA zone 5), and is suitable for large outdoor planters, too, if kept moist but without a saucer.

Last update 03-03-2023
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Acer japonicum height 100-125 cm
STANDARD
WINTER STORAGE BY POST

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GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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