Aucuba japonica

Aucuba japonica
Aucuba japonica 
Japanese aucuba, spotted laurel
SIZE/TYPE medium-sized shrub
USUAL HEIGHT 1-1.5m
USUAL WIDTH 1-1.5m
LEAVES evergreen broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES green
FLOWERS insignificant or non-blooming
COLOUR OF FLOWERS
BLOOMING TIME
LOCATION full sun to shade
USDA zone (lowest) 6   (down to -23°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Evergreen broadleaf
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Spotted laurel is a popular evergreen shrub, commonly grown especially in Britain and in milder parts of humid regions of Germany and Benelux. The first specimen was brought from Japan to Europe in 1783, and has been sought after ever since. The most attractive features are the unusual shape of foliage and beautiful variegation on some cultivars, hence its name Spotted laurel.

The species of Japanese aucuba is, however, not spotted. It has large, widely elliptic to oblong, deep green, glossy leaves that are shallowly serrated at margins. Clusters of small flowers appear from mid spring, and female plants, if pollinated by male pollen, produce vivid red fruit in late summer and autumn. The fruit is not edible and might cause stomach upset.

Green aucuba can be grown in both full sun and deep shade. Our best plants are located in filtered sunlight with some shelter from drying winter sun and they are beautiful and unharmed. The soil has to be fertile, preferably acid or neutral, evenly moist but well-drained. In wet ground dangerous fungi diseases grow and these could kill the entire plant. Extra watering is advisable in frost-free periods of winter when the ground is not frozen. Hardy to approx. -24°C (USDA zone 6).

Last update 20-01-2013
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Aucuba japonica
Aucuba japonica var. longifolia
GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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