Centranthus ruber 'COCCINEUS'

Centranthus ruber
Centranthus ruber 'COCCINEUS'
red valerian
SIZE/TYPE mid-sized perennial
USUAL HEIGHT 0.3-0.8m
USUAL WIDTH 0.3-1m
LEAVES deciduous broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES +multicoloured:blue-green a light green
FLOWERS showy
COLOUR OF FLOWERS deep pink
BLOOMING TIME May - October
LOCATION full sun
USDA zone (lowest) 5   (down to -29°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Perennials
Summer blooms
náhled fotonáhled fotonáhled foto
Red valerian is a showy woody-based perennial from the Mediterranean which has naturalized in many parts of Europe as well as Americas. Yet it is surprising how difficult it seems to get one in local garden centres. Did you know that this beauty can bloom for as long as … wait for it … 6 months! Do you know any other hardy perennial that can do that?

Coccineus is a variety of Red valerian with scarlet red to rich pink flowers composed in upright panicles atop about 30-70 cm long stems. In good soil they can be quite large and last a few weeks, in poor soils they have average-sized heads but there are numerous more panicles coming out on stems arising from the axils of the main stems. Flowering begins on the first hot days of May and continues until the last warm and sunny days of autumn, truly incredible.

The whole plant is well branched and thanks to its habit looks like a small flowering bush. Leaves are pale green, narrowly lance-shaped, pointed, with a rounded tip. Red valerian is superb for rockeries and slopes with good drainage. It will look great in a perennial border, too, provided the soil does not hold water.

Red valerian is happy in full sun and locations where especially winter wet is not a danger. It is hardy but its fleshy roots will not take constant freezing and melting so dry conditions are crucial for this perennial. Removing spent flowers will enhance production of new flowers but leaving a few heads with seeds will bring new seedling with a very high productivity in the following spring. Hardy to about -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Last update 26-08-2015
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Centranthus ruber 'COCCINEUS'
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Centranthus ruber 'COCCINEUS'
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GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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