Abies pinsapo

Abies pinsapo
Abies pinsapo 
Spanish fir
SIZE/TYPE medium-sized tree
USUAL HEIGHT 6-15m
USUAL WIDTH 3-5m
LEAVES evergreen conifer
COLOUR OF LEAVES green
FLOWERS
COLOUR OF FLOWERS
BLOOMING TIME
LOCATION full sun
USDA zone (lowest) 6   (down to -23°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Conifers
náhled foto

Spanish fir is one of the most beautiful and elegant conifers next to cedars. It comes from south of Spain and Morocco, home of its close relative Algerian fir. It is valued for its symmetrical, conical habit and numerous dense foliage (needles). It is also called hedgehog fir as the needles are short and stiff, regularly composed around its branches.

Spanish fir make only some 1.5 cm short needles which do not tend to fall off quickly unlike most other European conifers. A tree keeps its needles for many years which helps it remain dense and rich green. The needles are only slightly glaucous unlike it sister variety Glauca which has striking silvery-blue foliage. Female cones are cylindrical, about 10 cm long and grow erect on insolated branches. They ripen in August.

In Central Europe garden grown trees grow slowly or moderately (about 20cm per year), reaching some 10 meter high and about 4 meters wide in maturity. In its natural habitat it can make twice as much.

Spanish fir likes light, medium fertile, only slightly acidic to very alkaline soil. It must drain well or remain almost dry after it establishes, it hates waterlogged and cold grounds as it is a heat loving plant. Grow it in full sun only, in a location protected from harsh winds. Avoid frost pockets and regions with long-lasting frosts. Otherwise it is hardy to about -25°C (USDA zone 6).

Last update 05-02-2018
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Abies numidica
GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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