Helenium 'EL DORADO'

Helenium
Helenium 'EL DORADO'
Helen's flower, sneezeweed
SIZE/TYPE mid-sized perennial
 tall perennial
USUAL HEIGHT 0.8-1.2m
USUAL WIDTH 0.3-0.5m
LEAVES deciduous broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES green
FLOWERS showy
COLOUR OF FLOWERS combined:golden and orange
BLOOMING TIME June - September
LOCATION full sun
SOIL TYPE any (acidic to alkaline)
SOIL MOISTURE REQUIREMENTS tolerates (but does not demand) wet ground
USDA zone (lowest) 4   (down to -34°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Perennials
Summer blooms
náhled fotonáhled fotonáhled foto
Helen’s flower (sneezeweed) is an attractive herbaceous perennial for summer and autumn borders. Newer cultivars are selected for extended blooming time or different colour play, and often also for shorter growth because sneezeweed is originally a tall plant.

El Dorado was a mythical tribal chief of the Muisca people, American Indians from Colombia in Latin America from the 16th century. His ritual was to cover himself with gold dust, showing the richness of the deposits of gold where he lived. His name became a synonym for his town or village and, just like mythical Atlantida and similar, was a subject of many speculations and expeditions but was never found. But the image of someone or something completely covered in gold gave birth to multiple usage of the name El Dorado, be it a material thing glowing like gold, or a vision of a trouble-free and rich place where gold is served like afternoon tea, or even a likening to a long-awaited dream come true.

El Dorado sneezeweed is case number one. It is an early variety producing extra-large, up to 6-8 cm wide flowers composed of glowing golden-yellow ray florets with amber orange highlights, surrounding chocolate brown heads with yellow anthers. They are highly melliferous and borne atop usually about one meter tall, exceptionally slightly taller, sturdy stems already from late June until early September. Leaves are soft green, lanceolate, and appear along the stems as well as near the ground. After flowering you can keep your perennial bed tidy by removing the stems, leaving only the basal rosettes of leaves at the ground level.

Sneezeweed will grow in almost soil type but prefers fertile, reasonably drained but constantly moist soil and full sun. It hates drought. It is recommended to divide every 2-4 years to encourage new roots and young plants. All parts of the plant may cause severe discomfort if eaten. Fully hardy to about -34°C (USDA zone 4).

Last update 24-10-2021
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Helenium 'EL DORADO'
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GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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