Elaeagnus x ebbingei 'GILT EDGE'

Elaeagnus x ebbingei
Elaeagnus x ebbingei 'GILT EDGE'
evergreen silverthorn - STANDARD TREE
SIZE/TYPE small tree
LEAVES evergreen broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES varigated:yellow and green
FLOWERS less showy but noticeable
BLOOMING TIME September - October
LOCATION full to partial sun
SOIL TYPE any (acidic to alkaline)
SOIL MOISTURE REQUIREMENTS evenly moist but well-drained
USDA zone (lowest) 6   (down to -23°C)
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Evergreen broadleaf
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Evergreen silverthorn is a natural hybrid of e. macrophylla with large, evergreen, rather rounded leaves and vigorously growing e. pungens with narrower foliage and thorns. It is sometimes called Russian olive which is not correct as this name is already used for its deciduous sister e. angustifolia. It is described to have been discovered by a Dutch horticulturist Simon Doorenbos (1891-1980) who named it after another Dutch botanist J.W.E. Ebbinge in 1929. However, many years later it was pointed out that a Swiss botanist Camille Servettaz (1870-1947) found this mutation, too, and named it elaeagnus x submacrophylla already in 1909. In spite of that, the whole horticultural world still sticks to e. x ebbingei and we do, too, if you don’t mind.

Gilt Edge is one of the first registered varieties of evergreen silverthorn with variegated foliage. It makes leathery, oval to ovate, partially undulated, and glossy leaves with dark green centres and thick yellow margins. Twigs are orange-brown, and the colder the weather comes in autumn the deeper the colour gets. It grows fast into a small tree with somewhat irregular habit. It can make up to one meter long twigs per year but can be controlled by pruning.

Apart from its attractive foliage evergreen silverthorn is also interesting for its almost invisible but very fragrant flowers. They are tiny and appear from late summer to early autumn. Their sweet perfume is distributed especially on sunny and warm afternoons and evenings. Pollinated flowers are followed by edible fruit in spring. About 1,5cm long, oval fruit is deep red and taste like sweeter dark cherries. It is best to ripen well which is when it begins to fall down. The plant can hold the fruit only after mild winters.

Evergreen silverthorn is often demanded as a standard tree which offers an instant and evergreen screening that blocks the unwanted views from neighbouring windows. It also serves as a handsome, small, specimen, evergreen tree if regularly trimmed. Pruning and shaping can be done it in almost any manner from early spring until late summer. Variegated silverthorns are prone to reversed foliage – some newly emerging twigs exhibit solely green leaves, those must be removed as soon as spotted, otherwise they might replace those with coloured leaves in a few years.

It is soil adaptable but needs mulching in our climate to protect surface roots from deep frost. In colder regions we suggest planting it in winter shade. Even after severe frosts it re-sprouts from healthy wood and makes long new branches. It will not live in boggy and wet conditions. Hardy to min. -23°C (USDA zone 6) and possibly a few degrees lower with some leaf damage. In frost-free periods provide extra watering on days when the ground is not frozen. Standard trees need good support for at least 3 years from transplanting, just remove the bamboo stick which is commonly attached to the tree when sold.

Last update 01-02-2023
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Elaeagnus x ebbingei height of stem 90 cm
De Luxe

THE PRICES INCLUDE VAT of 15%. For quick conversion you can use 1 CZK = approx. 0.04 EUR


Elaeagnus x ebbingei
Elaeagnus x ebbingei
Ligustrum lucidum
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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