Fagus sylvatica 'BLACK SWAN'

Fagus sylvatica
Fagus sylvatica 'BLACK SWAN'
weeping copper beach
SIZE/TYPE medium-sized tree
LEAVES deciduous broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES burgundy red
FLOWERS insignificant or non-blooming
LOCATION full sun
SOIL TYPE any (acidic to alkaline)
SOIL MOISTURE REQUIREMENTS evenly moist (dislikes drought)
USDA zone (lowest) 4   (down to -34°C)
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Deciduous broadleaf
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Beech is a reliable and hardy tree of our climate. On the market today there are many wild forms and hybridized varieties as well as selections that can satisfy the taste of almost everyone. They can offer various colours of foliage, and sizes from dwarf to extra large. Just a note about its Latin name: the correct Latin spelling should be ‘silvatica’ rather than ‘sylvatica’ (‘silvatica’ = of the woods). However, spelling with “y” is so common that is considered accepted.

Black Swan is a miracle among weeping trees. This beech bears the deepest purple-black leaves I have ever seen on a tree. They are deciduous, broadly ovate, very glossy, and turn coppery orange in autumn. They hold its rich colour only in full sun. Leaves on shaded parts of the tree will quickly change to dark green foliage.

Black Swan beech grows surprisingly fast when young as if reaching for the stars. Only later the tops of horizontal branches become pendent and grow downwards while the trunk keeps pushing them upwards. Meanwhile, several lateral branches are borne along main stem and stronger branches, and they are mostly strictly weeping, helping the tree become bushier. Each plant is unique and deserves a good spot surrounded by soft green colour that will enhance its veils of purple-black foliage.

It can be clipped or pruned in late winter. Beech will grow in almost any soil type including chalky, put prefers loamy, moist-retentive ground. Just make sure the plant does not stand in water or boggy conditions. It can get used to riverside conditions but it has to make its new roots throughout partially flooded soil. For best results in leaf colour plant it in full sun. Fully hardy to about -34°C (USDA zone 4).

Last update 03-01-2013

Fagus sylvatica
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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