Cunninghamia lanceolata

Cunninghamia lanceolata
Cunninghamia lanceolata 
China fir
SIZE/TYPE taller shrub
USUAL HEIGHT 2-12m
USUAL WIDTH 2-4m
LEAVES evergreen conifer
COLOUR OF LEAVES light green
FLOWERS
COLOUR OF FLOWERS
BLOOMING TIME
LOCATION full sun
USDA zone (lowest) 6   (down to -23°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Conifers
Rarities
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China fir is an evergreen conifer from China and Taiwan. It is a very old species known already from the Tertiary. Though very similar to monkey puzzle tree it is closely related to sequoia.

China fir bears flat needles, fresh green from above, silvery beneath, narrowly lanceolate, with a sharp tip, borne densely along the light green branches which become reddish brown with age. Adult trees bear round cones. It grows slowly to moderately into a rather prostrate habit when young. An easy trick how to make young plants grow erect is finding a central leader and staking it for some time. After several years the plants grow upright on their own.

The size varies largely with conditions and climate. In China these trees commonly reach 20m tall. The largest tree outside China is in California and is 32m tall (in 2015), in the Czech Republic the tallest known specimen is about 40 years old and has 10m. It can be kept smaller by pruning in early spring.

China fir is not tolerant of damp conditions or extreme drought. It needs well drained, constantly moist, reasonably fertile, acidic soil, and a location sheltered from strong, drying winds. It is rated hardy to USDA zone 6 and is known to have withstood -24°C without protection.

Last update 12-03-2016
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GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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