Euonymus japonicus

Euonymus japonicus
Euonymus japonicus 
Japanese spindle tree
SIZE/TYPE medium-sized shrub
USUAL HEIGHT 1-2m
USUAL WIDTH 0.5-1.5m
LEAVES evergreen broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES green
FLOWERS insignificant or non-blooming
COLOUR OF FLOWERS
BLOOMING TIME
LOCATION full sun to shade
USDA zone (lowest) 6b   (down to -21°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Evergreen broadleaf
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Japanese spindles are evergreen shrubs, or small trees with grafted crowns on short stems. They are very popular in southern countries and where winters are mild. The species has oval to ovate, deep green, glossy leaves that are densely clustered along the stems.

Japanese spindle is a dense shrub growing about 2m tall in our climate and to keep it compact and bushy we recommend pruning it every year. Spring pruning (after frosts) will enhance growth and branching, midsummer pruning is ideal for shaping. The denser foliage, the more resistant it gets against extreme winters. They are superb as patio plants in pots. Such plants have to be moved in before winter.

Japanese spindles are quite soil tolerant. They will do well in almost any well-drained soil, preferably moist, but not wet. Grow them on any location from full sun to deep shade. The species with green leaves does not mind winter sun so much. Even if leaves are scorched in winter don't worry, the plant will always make a lot of new ones in spring. Protect them from extreme winds. Experienced hardiness to -21°C (USDA zone 6b).

Last update 09-01-2009
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Euonymus japonicus
GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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